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Beyond Pure Reason

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Genre Language Arts & Disciplines
Author Boris Gasparov
Isbn 0231504454
File size 793 kb
Year 2012-09-18
Pages 240
Language English
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The Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913) revolutionized the study of language, signs, and discourse in the twentieth century. He successfully reconstructed the proto-Indo-European vowel system, advanced a conception of language as a system of arbitrary signs made meaningful through kinetic interrelationships, and developed a theory of the anagram so profound it gave rise to poststructural literary criticism. The roots of these disparate, even contradictory achievements lie in the thought of Early German Romanticism, which Saussure consulted for its insight into the nature of meaning and discourse. Conducting the first comprehensive analysis of Saussure's intellectual heritage, Boris Gasparov links Sassurean notions of cognition, language, and history to early Romantic theories of cognition and the transmission of cultural memory. In particular, several fundamental categories of Saussure's philosophy of language, such as the differential nature of language, the mutability and immutability of semiotic values, and the duality of the signifier and the signified, are rooted in early Romantic theories of "progressive" cognition and child cognitive development. Consulting a wealth of sources only recently made available, Gasparov casts the seeming contradictions and paradoxes of Saussure's work as a genuine tension between the desire to bring linguistics and semiotics in line with modernist epistemology on the one hand, and Jena Romantics' awareness of language's dynamism and its transcendence of the boundaries of categorical reasoning on the other. Advancing a radical new understanding of Saussure, Gasparov reveals aspects of the intellectual's work previously overlooked by both his followers and his postmodern critics.

Beyond Legal Reasoning: a Critique of Pure Lawyering

Pdf Beyond Legal Reasoning: a Critique of Pure Lawyering
Genre Law
Author Jeffrey Lipshaw
Isbn 1315410796
File size 1132 kb
Year 2017-03-27
Pages 170
Language English
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The concept of learning to ‘think like a lawyer’ is one of the cornerstones of legal education in the United States and beyond. In this book, Jeffrey Lipshaw provides a critique of the traditional views of ‘thinking like a lawyer’ or ‘pure lawyering’ aimed at lawyers, law professors, and students who want to understand lawyering beyond the traditional warrior metaphor. Drawing on his extensive experience at the intersection of real world law and business issues, Professor Lipshaw presents a sophisticated philosophical argument that the "pure lawyering" of traditional legal education is agnostic to either truth or moral value of outcomes. He demonstrates pure lawyering’s potential both for illusions of certainty and cynical instrumentalism, and the consequences of both when lawyers are called on as dealmakers, policymakers, and counsellors. This book offers an avenue for getting beyond (or unlearning) merely how to think like a lawyer. It combines legal theory, philosophy of knowledge, and doctrine with an appreciation of real-life judgment calls that multi-disciplinary lawyers are called upon to make. The book will be of great interest to scholars of legal education, legal language and reasoning as well as professors who teach both doctrine and thinking and writing skills in the first year law school curriculum; and for anyone who is interested in seeking a perspective on ‘thinking like a lawyer’ beyond the litigation arena.

Leadership Beyond Reason

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Genre Business & Economics
Author John Townsend
Isbn 1418576190
File size 974 kb
Year 2011-05-09
Pages 206
Language English
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A human behavior expert reveals that what leaders know about themselves is more important than their leadership skills and job knowledge. Who we are on the inside can determine leadership success more than what we do or what we know. In Leadership Beyond Reason, Dr. Townsend explores the critical role of the leader’s internal world, the world of passion, emotions, intuition, creativity, values, self-awareness, conscience, and spiritual life. Unveiling links between personal and organizational success or failure and the contents of a leader’s “heart,” the author shows that leaders excel not just through skill and smarts but by connecting with others using competencies, like curiosity, attention, reality assessment, distortion detecting, relationship building, ownership, and living with ambiguity. This is the leadership book only a world-respected psychologist could have written, and it is revolutionary in its insight.

Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft)

Pdf Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft)
Genre Philosophy
Author Immanuel Kant
Isbn
File size 538 kb
Year 2021-04-10
Pages 159
Language English
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"Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft)" by Immanuel Kant (translated by Thomas Kingsmill Abbott). Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Romanticism/Judaica

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Genre Social Science
Author Sheila A. Spector
Isbn 1317061306
File size 1812 kb
Year 2016-04-08
Pages 242
Language English
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The twelve essays in Romanticism/Judaica explore the four major cultural strands that have converged from the French Revolution to the present. The first section, Nationalism and Diasporeanism, contains essays on the diasporean mentality of the Romantics, Byron's attitude towards nationalism, and Polish immigrant Hyman Hurwitz's attempt to gain acceptance among the British by having Coleridge translate his Hebrew elegy for Princess Charlotte. Essays of the second section, Religion and Anti-Semitism, deal with the complexities of Jewish/Christian relations in the Romantic Period. Specifically, they discuss philosopher Solomon Maimon's lack of response to Kant's anti-Semitism, novelist Maria Polack's use of Christian subject matter to combat anti-Semitism, and short-story writer Grace Aguilar's incorporation of the British Bible-centered Evangelical culture, along with various strands of British Romanticism. In the third section, Individualism and Assimilationism, essays consider different ways the Jews were assimilated into the dominant culture, specifically through the theater, sports and and post-Enlightenment philosophy. Finally, the volume concludes with Criticism and Reflection: a revaluation of earlier scholarship on Anglo-Jewish literature; the establishment of Harold Fisch's covenantal hermeneutics as a model for reading Keats; and an analysis of Lionel Trilling, M. H. Abrams, Harold Bloom and Geoffrey Hartman in terms of their Jewish origins, suggesting the further implications for Romanticism as a field.

Critique of Pure Reason

Pdf Critique of Pure Reason
Genre Philosophy
Author Immanuel Kant
Isbn 0486830411
File size 789 kb
Year 2018-05-16
Pages 512
Language English
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Summary

A cornerstone of Western philosophy, this treatise seeks to define the nature of reason. Kant builds his unique system of philosophical thought with meticulous investigations of metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics.

The Critique of Pure Reason

Pdf The Critique of Pure Reason
Genre Philosophy
Author Immanuel Kant
Isbn 1775413632
File size 1067 kb
Year 2009-01-01
Pages 582
Language English
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The Critique of Pure Reason is one of the seminal texts of Western philosophy, and the first of Kant's three Critiques. In it he takes up Hume's argument that cause and effect cannot be experienced by the senses. Hume argued that we experience events one after the other, but not that one event is caused by the preceding event. Kant argues that synthetic, rather than analytic thinking is needed, and addresses the problem of thinking synthetically without relying on the empirical method.

Sex and the Failed Absolute

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Genre Philosophy
Author Slavoj Žižek
Isbn 135004377X
File size 1786 kb
Year 2019-09-19
Pages 496
Language English
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In the most rigorous articulation of his philosophical system to date, Slavoj Žižek provides nothing short of a new definition of dialectical materialism. In forging this new materialism, Žižek critiques and challenges not only the work of Alain Badiou, Robert Brandom, Joan Copjec, Quentin Meillassoux, and Julia Kristeva (to name but a few), but everything from popular science and quantum mechanics to sexual difference and analytic philosophy. Alongside striking images of the Möbius strip, the cross-cap, and the Klein bottle, Žižek brings alive the Hegelian triad of being-essence-notion. Radical new readings of Hegel, and Kant, sit side by side with characteristically lively commentaries on film, politics, and culture. Here is Žižek at his interrogative best.

Ancient Secrets About Man's Magical Powers

Pdf Ancient Secrets About Man's Magical Powers
Genre Religion
Author Charles E. Neuf
Isbn 1387248677
File size 1202 kb
Year 2017-09-23
Pages N.A
Language English
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The Writer an Investigator of 40 years studied & researched subjects of the past most of his life. Then one day as he was studying the writings of Socrates one of his observations stood out. It was in the writing "The Republic," the story was "The Cave," that started "The Investigator" researching his own "Beliefs." Then the Investigator asks the question, "Why Didn't They tell me that?" You go to church, but they don't tell you the hidden meanings in the writings, Schools don't tell you reasons why things happened, and your care givers say just do it, "No one is telling you about Stuff that really counts" in your everyday life." Then The Investigator had a realization, the reason we were not told about this stuff, "They did not know about it!" Why didn't they know it was there? They were not told about, Why? Simple, it was a "Normal people do not talk about it." Why not, simple, it's Beliefs of where you are on Earth.

Beyond Reason

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Genre Business & Economics
Author Roger Fisher,Daniel Shapiro
Isbn 1101218878
File size 1637 kb
Year 2005-10-06
Pages 256
Language English
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“Written in the same remarkable vein as Getting to Yes, this book is a masterpiece.” —Dr. Steven R. Covey, author of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People • Winner of the Outstanding Book Award for Excellence in Conflict Resolution from the International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution • In Getting to Yes, renowned educator and negotiator Roger Fisher presented a universally applicable method for effectively negotiating personal and professional disputes. Building on his work as director of the Harvard Negotiation Project, Fisher now teams with Harvard psychologist Daniel Shapiro, an expert on the emotional dimension of negotiation and author of Negotiating the Nonnegotiable: How to Resolve Your Most Emotionally Charged Conflicts. In Beyond Reason, Fisher and Shapiro show readers how to use emotions to turn a disagreement-big or small, professional or personal-into an opportunity for mutual gain.

Phenomenological Interpretation of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

Pdf Phenomenological Interpretation of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
Genre Philosophy
Author Martin Heidegger
Isbn 9780253004475
File size 1589 kb
Year 1997-11-22
Pages 320
Language English
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The text of Martin Heidegger's 1927–28 university lecture course on Emmanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason presents a close interpretive reading of the first two parts of this masterpiece of modern philosophy. In this course, Heidegger continues the task he enunciated in Being and Time as the problem of dismatling the history of ontology, using temporality as a clue. Within this context the relation between philosophy, ontology, and fundamental ontology is shown to be rooted in the genesis of the modern mathematical sciences. Heidegger demonstrates that objectification of beings as beings is inseparable from knowledge a priori, the central problem of Kant's Critique. He concludes that objectification rests on the productive power of imagination, a process that involves temporality, which is the basic constitution of humans as beings.

The Powers of Pure Reason

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Genre Philosophy
Author Alfredo Ferrarin
Isbn 022624329X
File size 1771 kb
Year 2015-04-14
Pages 352
Language English
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The Critique of Pure Reason—Kant’s First Critique—is one of the most studied texts in intellectual history, but as Alfredo Ferrarin points out in this radically original book, most of that study has focused only on very select parts. Likewise, Kant’s oeuvre as a whole has been compartmentalized, the three Critiques held in rigid isolation from one another. Working against the standard reading of Kant that such compartmentalization has produced, The Powers of Pure Reason explores forgotten parts of the First Critique in order to find an exciting, new, and ultimately central set of concerns by which to read all of Kant’s works. Ferrarin blows the dust off of two egregiously overlooked sections of the First Critique—the Transcendental Dialectic and the Doctrine of Method. There he discovers what he argues is the Critique’s greatest achievement: a conception of the unity of reason and an exploration of the powers it has to reach beyond itself and legislate over the world. With this in mind, Ferrarin dismantles the common vision of Kant as a philosopher writing separately on epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics and natural teleology, showing that the three Critiques are united by this underlying theme: the autonomy and teleology of reason, its power and ends. The result is a refreshing new view of Kant, and of reason itself.

Europe Beyond Universalism and Particularism

Pdf Europe Beyond Universalism and Particularism
Genre Political Science
Author S. Lindberg,S. Prozorov,M. Ojakangas
Isbn 1137361824
File size 939 kb
Year 2014-07-15
Pages 194
Language English
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Summary

Resulting from an interdisciplinary dialogue between philosophy, political science and International Relations about Europe as a political community this volume rethinks the European political project beyond the rigid opposition between universalism and particularism approaching Europe as a space of the exposure of differences to each other.

Gilles Deleuze's Difference and Repetition

Pdf Gilles Deleuze's Difference and Repetition
Genre Philosophy
Author James Williams
Isbn 0748668950
File size 805 kb
Year 2013-01-31
Pages 272
Language English
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A new edition of this introduction to Deleuze's seminal work, Difference and Repetition, with new material on intensity, science and action and new engagements with Bryant, Sauvagnargues, Smith, Somers-Hall and de Beistegui.

Critical Semiotics

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Genre Language Arts & Disciplines
Author Gary Genosko
Isbn 1472596390
File size 1069 kb
Year 2016-09-22
Pages 200
Language English
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Critical Semiotics provides long overdue answers to questions at the junction of information, meaning and 'affect'. The affective turn in cultural studies has received much attention: a focus on the pre-individual bodily forces, linked to automatic responses, which augment or diminish the body's capacity to act or engage with others. In a world dominated by information, how do things that seem to have diminished meaning or even no meaning still have so much power to affect us, or to carry on our ability to affect the world? Linguistics and semiotics have been accused of being adrift from the affective turn and not accounting for these visceral forces beneath or generally other from conscious knowing. In this book, Gary Genosko delivers a detailed refutation, with analyses of specific contributions to critical semiotic approaches to meaning and signification. People want to understand how other people are moved and to understand embodied social actions, feelings and passions at the same time as understanding how this takes place. Semiotics must make the affective turn.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason

Pdf Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason
Genre Philosophy
Author Sebastian Gardner
Isbn 1134813716
File size 865 kb
Year 2003-07-09
Pages 392
Language English
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Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is arguably the single most important work in western philosophy. The book introduces and assesses: * Kant's life and background of the Critique of Pure Reason * the ideas and text of the Critique of Pure Reason * the continuing relevance of Kant's work to contemporary philosophy. Ideal for anyone coming to Kant's thought for the first time. This guide will be vital reading for all students of Kant in philosophy.

Beyond Fideism

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Genre Religion
Author Olli-Pekka Vainio
Isbn 131717478X
File size 1356 kb
Year 2016-04-15
Pages 196
Language English
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After the postmodern turn, every tradition seeks the right to have their own rules of rational discourse. The crucial question is: are there ways to communicate between the traditions so that the traditions do not need to give up their identities in order to take part in conversation? Vainio examines the basic assumptions behind well known types of Christian theology and seeks ways in which they might interact with one other and with other non-Christian traditions without capitulation of their identities. Vainio claims that there are religious identities that can be negotiated and communicated, and that there are ecclesiastical doctrines which can be meaningfully discussed among churches. This book explores three key areas: analysis of the uses of 'fideism' within classical Christian theology; clarification of different types of theological method that seek to express the task of theology in contemporary setting; an explanation of the contours of religious identity and rationality which takes seriously both classical Christian identity and pluralistic contexts where most of the Christian communities dwell nowadays. The proposal for "negotiability" of Christian identity draws together ideas from, among others, virtue epistemology, reformed epistemology, communitarianism, and feminist sensibilities.

The Origins of Grammar: Language in the Light of Evolution II

Pdf The Origins of Grammar: Language in the Light of Evolution II
Genre Language Arts & Disciplines
Author James R. Hurford
Isbn 9780191619939
File size 1698 kb
Year 2011-09-22
Pages 808
Language English
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This is the second of the two closely linked but self-contained volumes that comprise James Hurford's acclaimed exploration of the biological evolution of language. In the first book he looked at the evolutionary origins of meaning, ending as our distant ancestors were about to step over the brink to modern language. He now considers how that step might have been taken and the consequences it undoubtedly had. The capacity for language lets human beings formulate and express an unlimited range of propositions about real or fictitious worlds. It allows them to communicate these propositions, often overlaid with layers of nuance and irony, to other humans who can then interpret and respond to them. These processes take place at breakneck speed. Using a language means learning a vast number of arbitrary connections between forms and meanings and rules on how to manipulate them, both of which a normal human child can do in its first few years of life. James Hurford looks at how this miracle came about. The book is divided into three parts. In the first the author surveys the syntactic structures evident in the communicative behaviour of animals, such as birds and whales, and discusses how vocabularies of learned symbols could have evolved and the effects this had on human thought. In the second he considers how far the evolution of grammar depended on biological or cultural factors. In the third and final part he describes the probable route by which the human language faculty and languages evolved from simple beginnings to their present complex state.

The Risk Society and Beyond

Pdf The Risk Society and Beyond
Genre Social Science
Author Barbara Adam,Ulrich Beck,Joost Van Loon
Isbn 1849202060
File size 1225 kb
Year 2000-05-25
Pages 240
Language English
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Summary

Ulrich Beck's best selling Risk Society established risk on the sociological agenda. It brought together a wide range of issues centering on environmental, health and personal risk, provided a rallying ground for researchers and activists in a variety of social movements and acted as a reference point for state and local policies in risk management. The Risk Society and Beyond charts the progress of Beck's ideas and traces their evolution. It demonstrates why the issues raised by Beck reverberate widely throughout social theory and covers the new risks that Beck did not foresee, associated with the emergence of new technologies, genetic and cybernetic. The book is unique because it offers both an introduction to the main arguments in Risk Society and develops a range of critical discussions of aspects of this and other works of Beck.

Beyond Rationalism

Pdf Beyond Rationalism
Genre Social Science
Author Bruce Kapferer
Isbn 0857458558
File size 1054 kb
Year 2003-02-28
Pages 284
Language English
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This book seeks a reconsideration of the phenomenon of sorcery and related categories. The contributors to the volume explore the different perspectives on human sociality and social and political constitution that practices typically understood as sorcery, magic and ritual reveal. In doing so the authors are concerned to break away from the dictates of a western externalist rationalist understanding of these phenomena without falling into the trap of mysticism. The articles address a diversity of ethnographic contexts in Africa, Asia, the Pacific and the Americas.