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Soil Pollution - An Emerging Threat to Agriculture

Pdf Soil Pollution - An Emerging Threat to Agriculture
Genre Nature
Author ,
Isbn 9811042748
File size 1019 kb
Year 2017-04-05
Pages 386
Language English
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Summary

The book provides reader with a comprehensive up-to-date overview of various aspects of soil pollutants manifestation of toxicity. The book highlights their interactions with soil constituents, their toxicity to agro-ecosystem & human health, methodologies of toxicity assessment along with remediation technologies for the polluted land by citing case studies. It gives special emphasis on scenario of soil pollution threats in developing countries and ways to counteract these in low cost ways which have so far been ignored. It also explicitly highlights the need for soil protection policy and identifies its key considerations after analyzing basic functions of soil and the types of threats perceived. This book will be a useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the field of environmental and agricultural sciences, as well as for personnel involved in environmental impact assessment and policy making.

Soil Pollution - An Emerging Threat to Agriculture

Pdf Soil Pollution - An Emerging Threat to Agriculture
Genre Nature
Author Jayanta K. Saha,Rajendiran Selladurai,M. Vassanda Coumar,M.L. Dotaniya,Samaresh Kundu,Ashok K. Patra
Isbn 9811042748
File size 1395 kb
Year 2017-04-05
Pages 386
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

The book provides reader with a comprehensive up-to-date overview of various aspects of soil pollutants manifestation of toxicity. The book highlights their interactions with soil constituents, their toxicity to agro-ecosystem & human health, methodologies of toxicity assessment along with remediation technologies for the polluted land by citing case studies. It gives special emphasis on scenario of soil pollution threats in developing countries and ways to counteract these in low cost ways which have so far been ignored. It also explicitly highlights the need for soil protection policy and identifies its key considerations after analyzing basic functions of soil and the types of threats perceived. This book will be a useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the field of environmental and agricultural sciences, as well as for personnel involved in environmental impact assessment and policy making.

Syngress Force Emerging Threat Analysis

Pdf Syngress Force Emerging Threat Analysis
Genre Computers
Author Robert Graham
Isbn 9780080475592
File size 709 kb
Year 2006-11-08
Pages 500
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

A One-Stop Reference Containing the Most Read Topics in the Syngress Security Library This Syngress Anthology Helps You Protect Your Enterprise from Tomorrow’s Threats Today This is the perfect reference for any IT professional responsible for protecting their enterprise from the next generation of IT security threats. This anthology represents the “best of this year’s top Syngress Security books on the Human, Malware, VoIP, Device Driver, RFID, Phishing, and Spam threats likely to be unleashed in the near future.. * From Practical VoIP Security, Thomas Porter, Ph.D. and Director of IT Security for the FIFA 2006 World Cup, writes on threats to VoIP communications systems and makes recommendations on VoIP security. * From Phishing Exposed, Lance James, Chief Technology Officer of Secure Science Corporation, presents the latest information on phishing and spam. * From Combating Spyware in the Enterprise, Brian Baskin, instructor for the annual Department of Defense Cyber Crime Conference, writes on forensic detection and removal of spyware. * Also from Combating Spyware in the Enterprise, About.com’s security expert Tony Bradley covers the transformation of spyware. * From Inside the SPAM Cartel, Spammer-X shows how spam is created and why it works so well. * From Securing IM and P2P Applications for the Enterprise, Paul Piccard, former manager of Internet Security Systems' Global Threat Operations Center, covers Skype security. * Also from Securing IM and P2P Applications for the Enterprise, Craig Edwards, creator of the IRC security software IRC Defender, discusses global IRC security. * From RFID Security, Brad “Renderman Haines, one of the most visible members of the wardriving community, covers tag encoding and tag application attacks. * Also from RFID Security, Frank Thornton, owner of Blackthorn Systems and an expert in wireless networks, discusses management of RFID security. * From Hack the Stack, security expert Michael Gregg covers attacking the people layer. * Bonus coverage includes exclusive material on device driver attacks by Dave Maynor, Senior Researcher at SecureWorks. * The “best of this year: Human, Malware, VoIP, Device Driver, RFID, Phishing, and Spam threats * Complete Coverage of forensic detection and removal of spyware, the transformation of spyware, global IRC security, and more * Covers secure enterprise-wide deployment of hottest technologies including Voice Over IP, Pocket PCs, smart phones, and more

The Emerging Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Southern Africa

Pdf The Emerging Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Southern Africa
Genre Medical
Author Academy of Science of South Africa,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation
Isbn 0309211603
File size 1173 kb
Year 2011-03-22
Pages 146
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Tuberculosis (TB) kills approximately 4,500 people worldwide every day. While most cases of TB can be treated with antibiotics, some strains have developed drug resistance that makes their treatment more expensive, more toxic and less effective for the patient. The IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation and the Academy of Science of South Africa held a workshop to discuss ways to fight the growing threat of drug-resistant TB.

Biological Weapons Defense

Pdf Biological Weapons Defense
Genre Political Science
Author Luther E. Lindler,Frank J. Lebeda,George Korch
Isbn 1592597645
File size 1251 kb
Year 2007-10-27
Pages 598
Language English
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Summary

In 2003, the President’s budget for bioterrorism defense totalled more than $5 billion. Today, the nation’s top academic scientists are scrambling to begin work to understand Bacillus anthracis and develop new vaccines and drugs. However, just five years ago, only the US Department of Defense (DOD) seemed concerned about these “exotic” agents. In 1997, the DOD spent approximately $137 million on biodefense to protect the deployed force, while academe, industry, local governments, and most of our federal leadership was oblivious to, and in some cases doubtful of, the seriousness of the threat. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) received the largest budget increase in the organization’s history. Fortunately, during this time of national urgency, a sound base exists on which to build our defenses against this new threat. A relatively small cadre of dedicated scientists within the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) laid this foundation over the past 20 years.

Early Observations on Possible Defenses by the Emerging Threat Agent Project

Pdf Early Observations on Possible Defenses by the Emerging Threat Agent Project
Genre Biological arms control
Author Bruce W. Bennett,Jonathan Kaufman,James Byrnes
Isbn 0833052810
File size 570 kb
Year 2011
Pages 47
Language English
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Summary

The Defense Department is concerned about emerging chemical and biological (CB) weapon agents and the ability of U.S. defenses to counter them. Due to scientific advances that facilitate the development of new and novel CB agents and the fact that uncovering such work will be a difficult intelligence challenge, the Emerging Threat Agent Project (ETAP) undertook a study to examine the challenges of emerging CB agents and propose measures to reduce their risks. The authors conclude that the problem is comprised of two related components. Given the inherent secrecy with which states and other actors will conduct CB agent development, adversary programs could acquire new CB agents years before U.S. defense planners recognize those agents. And, after the U.S. intelligence community recognizes those CB agents as threats, the United States will probably need many more years to establish a comprehensive defense against them. Such gaps in CB agent defense capabilities pose a potentially serious risk to U.S. military operations. To best mitigate this risk, the Chemical and Biological Defense Program (CBDP) of the U.S. Department of Defense needs to augment current work with enhanced efforts to dissuade adversary CB agent development and to deter adversary use of new CB weapons. Successful initiatives in dissuasion and deterrence will depend on CB defensive programs that appear dynamic, progressive, and integrated with other Defense Department and national-level efforts in counter proliferation. Many of these objectives can be met by adding a second track to the current agent-specific science and technology (S&T) effort, a track that focuses on the mechanisms of CB agent effects and interactions with the environment.

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities

Pdf Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities
Genre Computers
Author Vladlena Benson,John Mcalaney
Isbn 0128165944
File size 1760 kb
Year 2019-09-20
Pages 252
Language English
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Summary

Emerging Cyber Threats and Cognitive Vulnerabilities identifies the critical role human behavior plays in cybersecurity and provides insights into how human decision-making can help address rising volumes of cyberthreats. The book examines the role of psychology in cybersecurity by addressing each actor involved in the process: hackers, targets, cybersecurity practitioners and the wider social context in which these groups operate. It applies psychological factors such as motivations, group processes and decision-making heuristics that may lead individuals to underestimate risk. The goal of this understanding is to more quickly identify threat and create early education and prevention strategies. This book covers a variety of topics and addresses different challenges in response to changes in the ways in to study various areas of decision-making, behavior, artificial intelligence, and human interaction in relation to cybersecurity. Explains psychological factors inherent in machine learning and artificial intelligence Discusses the social psychology of online radicalism and terrorist recruitment Examines the motivation and decision-making of hackers and "hacktivists" Investigates the use of personality psychology to extract secure information from individuals

Microbial Threats to Health

Pdf Microbial Threats to Health
Genre Medical
Author Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Emerging Microbial Threats to Health in the 21st Century
Isbn 9780309185547
File size 658 kb
Year 2003-08-25
Pages 397
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Infectious diseases are a global hazard that puts every nation and every person at risk. The recent SARS outbreak is a prime example. Knowing neither geographic nor political borders, often arriving silently and lethally, microbial pathogens constitute a grave threat to the health of humans. Indeed, a majority of countries recently identified the spread of infectious disease as the greatest global problem they confront. Throughout history, humans have struggled to control both the causes and consequences of infectious diseases and we will continue to do so into the foreseeable future. Following up on a high-profile 1992 report from the Institute of Medicine, Microbial Threats to Health examines the current state of knowledge and policy pertaining to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases from around the globe. It examines the spectrum of microbial threats, factors in disease emergence, and the ultimate capacity of the United States to meet the challenges posed by microbial threats to human health. From the impact of war or technology on disease emergence to the development of enhanced disease surveillance and vaccine strategies, Microbial Threats to Health contains valuable information for researchers, students, health care providers, policymakers, public health officials. and the interested public.

Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security

Pdf Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security
Genre Computers
Author McAlaney, John,Frumkin, Lara A.,Benson, Vladlena
Isbn 1522540547
File size 1117 kb
Year 2018-03-09
Pages 334
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Cyber security has become a topic of concern over the past decade. As many individual and organizational activities continue to evolve digitally, it is important to examine the psychological and behavioral aspects of cyber security. Psychological and Behavioral Examinations in Cyber Security is a critical scholarly resource that examines the relationship between human behavior and interaction and cyber security. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as behavioral analysis, cyberpsychology, and online privacy, this book is geared towards IT specialists, administrators, business managers, researchers, and students interested in online decision making in cybersecurity.

The Global Threat of New and Reemerging Infectious Diseases

Pdf The Global Threat of New and Reemerging Infectious Diseases
Genre Political Science
Author Jennifer Brower,Peter Chalk
Isbn 0833034154
File size 733 kb
Year 2003-03-21
Pages 166
Language English
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Summary

This study offers a more comprehensive analysis of the security implications of the spread of infectious diseases than has been done to date. The study examines the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa, highlighting this particular crisis as a graphic example of the devastating effects that infectious disease can have on virtually every aspect of a state's functioning viability. It also makes a detailed analysis of the United States, delineating the threat posed by specific diseases; assessing the effectiveness of the existing public health infrastructure; and offering specific actions that can be taken to improve the country's ability to meet this emerging challenge. ISBN: 0-8330-3293-3 Price: $20.00 Est. page count: last roman--xvii

Global Health Security

Pdf Global Health Security
Genre Social Science
Author Anthony J. Masys,Ricardo Izurieta,Miguel Reina Ortiz
Isbn 3030234916
File size 1565 kb
Year 2020-01-01
Pages 430
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

With our highly connected and interdependent world, the growing threat of infectious diseases and public health crisis has shed light on the requirement for global efforts to manage and combat highly pathogenic infectious diseases and other public health crisis on an unprecedented level. Such disease threats transcend borders. Reducing global threats posed by infectious disease outbreaks – whether naturally caused or resulting from a deliberate or accidental release – requires efforts that cross the disaster management pillars: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. This book addresses the issues of global health security along 4 themes: Emerging Threats; Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Recovery; Exploring the Technology Landscape for Solutions; Leadership and Partnership. The authors of this volume highlight many of the challenges that confront our global security environment today. These range from politically induced disasters, to food insecurity, to zoonosis and terrorism. More optimistically, the authors also present some advances in technology that can help us combat these threats. Understanding the challenges that confront us and the tools we have to overcome them will allow us to face our future with confidence.

Management of Emerging Public Health Issues and Risks

Pdf Management of Emerging Public Health Issues and Risks
Genre Nature
Author Benoit Roig,Karine Weiss,Veronique Thireau
Isbn 0128132914
File size 967 kb
Year 2018-11-13
Pages 314
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Management of Emerging Public Health Issues and Risks: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Changing Environment addresses the threats facing the rapidly changing world and provides guidance on how to manage risks to population health. Unlike conventional and recognized risks (major, industrial, and natural), emerging risks are characterized by low or non-existent scientific knowledge, high levels of uncertainty, and different levels of acceptability by the relevant authorities and exposed populations. Emerging risk must be analyzed through multiple and crossed approaches identifying the phenomenon linked to the emergence of risk but also by combining scientific, policy and social data in order to provide more enlightened decision making. Management of Emerging Public Health Issues and Risks: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Changing Environment provides examples of transdisciplinary approaches used to characterize, analyze, and manage emerging risks. This book will be useful for public health researchers, policy makers, and students as well as those working in emergency management, risk management, security, environmental health, nanomaterials, and food science. Presents emerging risks from the technological, environmental, health, and energy sectors, as well as their social impacts Contextualizes emerging risks as new threats, existing threats in new locations, and known issues, which are newly recognized as risks due to increased scientific knowledge Includes case studies from around the world to reinforce concepts

Zika

Pdf Zika
Genre Social Science
Author Debora Diniz
Isbn 1786991616
File size 1133 kb
Year 2017-09-15
Pages 192
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Winner of the 2017 Jabuti Book Prize The Zika virus is devastating lives and communities. Children across the Americas are being born with severe disabilities because of it. Yet during the desolating outbreak, Brazil played host to both the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup, leading many to suspect that the true impact of the virus has been subject to a cover-up of international proportions. Beginning in the northeast, where the devastation has been most felt, professor of bioethics and award-winning documentary filmmaker Debora Diniz travels across Brazil tracing the virus’s origin and spread. Along the journey she meets a host of fearless families, doctors and scientists uncovering the virus’s impact on local communities. In doing so Diniz paints a vivid picture of the Zika epidemic, exposing the Brazilian government’s complicity in allowing the virus to spread while championing the efforts of local doctors and mothers who, working together, are raising awareness of the virus and fighting for the rights of children affected by Zika.

Artificial Intelligence and Security Challenges in Emerging Networks

Pdf Artificial Intelligence and Security Challenges in Emerging Networks
Genre Computers
Author Abassi, Ryma
Isbn 1522573542
File size 1296 kb
Year 2019-01-25
Pages 293
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

The recent rise of emerging networking technologies such as social networks, content centric networks, Internet of Things networks, etc, have attracted significant attention from academia as well as industry professionals looking to utilize these technologies for efficiency purposes. However, the allure of such networks and resultant storage of high volumes of data leads to increased security risks, including threats to information privacy. Artificial Intelligence and Security Challenges in Emerging Networks is an essential reference source that discusses applications of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and data mining, as well as other tools and strategies to protect networks against security threats and solve security and privacy problems. Featuring research on topics such as encryption, neural networks, and system verification, this book is ideally designed for ITC procurement managers, IT consultants, systems and network integrators, infrastructure service providers, computer and software engineers, startup companies, academicians, researchers, managers, and students.

Applied Network Security Monitoring

Pdf Applied Network Security Monitoring
Genre Computers
Author Chris Sanders,Jason Smith
Isbn 0124172164
File size 1293 kb
Year 2013-11-26
Pages 496
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Applied Network Security Monitoring is the essential guide to becoming an NSM analyst from the ground up. This book takes a fundamental approach to NSM, complete with dozens of real-world examples that teach you the key concepts of NSM. Network security monitoring is based on the principle that prevention eventually fails. In the current threat landscape, no matter how much you try, motivated attackers will eventually find their way into your network. At that point, it is your ability to detect and respond to that intrusion that can be the difference between a small incident and a major disaster. The book follows the three stages of the NSM cycle: collection, detection, and analysis. As you progress through each section, you will have access to insights from seasoned NSM professionals while being introduced to relevant, practical scenarios complete with sample data. If you've never performed NSM analysis, Applied Network Security Monitoring will give you an adequate grasp on the core concepts needed to become an effective analyst. If you are already a practicing analyst, this book will allow you to grow your analytic technique to make you more effective at your job. Discusses the proper methods for data collection, and teaches you how to become a skilled NSM analyst Provides thorough hands-on coverage of Snort, Suricata, Bro-IDS, SiLK, and Argus Loaded with practical examples containing real PCAP files you can replay, and uses Security Onion for all its lab examples Companion website includes up-to-date blogs from the authors about the latest developments in NSM

Hostile Business and the Sovereign State

Pdf Hostile Business and the Sovereign State
Genre Business & Economics
Author Michael J. Strauss
Isbn 1351585363
File size 523 kb
Year 2019-01-02
Pages 190
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

This book describes and assesses an emerging threat to states’ territorial control and sovereignty: the hostile control of companies that carry out privatized aspects of sovereign authority. The threat arises from the massive worldwide shift of state activities to the private sector since the late 1970s in conjunction with two other modern trends – the globalization of business and the liberalization of international capital flows. The work introduces three new concepts: firstly, the rise of companies that handle privatized activities, and the associated advent of "post-government companies" that make such activities their core business. Control of them may reside with individual investors, other companies or investment funds, or it may reside with other states through state-owned enterprises or sovereign wealth funds. Secondly, "imperfect privatizations:" when a state privatizes an activity to another state’s public sector. The book identifies cases where this is happening. It also elaborates on how ownership and influence of companies that perform privatized functions may not be transparent, and can pass to inherently hostile actors, including criminal or terrorist organizations. Thirdly, "belligerent companies," whose conduct is hostile to those of states where they are active. The book concludes by assessing the adequacy of existing legal and regulatory regimes and how relevant norms may evolve.

Biosecurity and Bioterrorism

Pdf Biosecurity and Bioterrorism
Genre Political Science
Author Jeffrey Ryan,Jan Glarum
Isbn 0080569188
File size 1405 kb
Year 2011-08-30
Pages 352
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Biosecurity and Bioterrorism is the first book to take a holistic approach to biosecurity with coverage of pathogens, prevention and response methodology. The book is organized into four thematic sections: Part I provides a conceptual understanding of biowarfare, bioterrorism and the laws we have to counteract this; Part II investigates known bioagents and the threat from emerging diseases; Part III focuses on agricultural terrorism and food security; Part IV outlines international, US, and local initiatives for biodefense and biosecurity. Case studies illustrate biodefense against both intentional terrorism and natural outbreaks. The authors bring an extraordinary combination of experience in academia and the clinical world, as well as real-world experience in technical and practical matters, to their writing. They make technical material clear and fascinating for readers with a basic knowledge of biology. Ryan and Glarum address the hazards in the context of vulnerability assessments and the planning strategies government and industry can take to prepare for and respond to such events. * How are these agents used in biowarfare? * How likely are we to face either a natural outbreak or intentional human/animal infection? * How can we prepare for this effectively?

Assessment of the emerging biocruise threat

Pdf Assessment of the emerging biocruise threat
Genre ,
Author ,
Isbn 1428990569
File size 686 kb
Year
Pages N.A
Language English
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Policy Discourses on Irregular Migration in Germany and the United Kingdom

Pdf Policy Discourses on Irregular Migration in Germany and the United Kingdom
Genre Political Science
Author B. Vollmer
Isbn 1137307544
File size 1588 kb
Year 2014-10-20
Pages 305
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

Migration expert Bastian Vollmer explores the contentious issue of irregular migration in the highly-charged contexts of Germany and the UK. Through policy and discourse analysis the author explains why, despite the differing contexts and migration histories, German and British policy responses to the issue are now on a convergent path.

The New US Security Agenda

Pdf The New US Security Agenda
Genre Political Science
Author Brian Fonseca,Jonathan D. Rosen
Isbn 3319501941
File size 888 kb
Year 2017-02-08
Pages 203
Language English
File format PDF

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Summary

War, nuclear weapons, and terrorism are all major threats to US security, but a new set of emerging threats are challenging the current threat response apparatus and our ability to come up with creative and effective solutions. This book considers new, 'non-traditional' security issues such as: transnational organized crime, immigration and border security, cybersecurity, countering violent extremism and terrorism, environmental and energy security, as well as the rise of external actors. The work examines the major challenges and trends in security and explores the policy responses of the U.S. government. By using international relations theory as an analytical approach, Fonseca and Rosen present how these security threats have evolved over time.