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Making Governments Accountable

Pdf Making Governments Accountable
Genre Political Science
Author Zahirul Hoque
Isbn 1317666976
File size 979 kb
Year 2015-05-15
Pages 316
Language English
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Over the past two decades, there has been a paradigm shift in public administration and public sector accounting around the world, with increasing emphasis on good governance and accountability processes for government entities. This is all driven both by economic rationalism, and by changing expectations of what governments can and should do. An important aspect of this accountability and governance process is the establishment and effective functioning of a Public Accounts Committee (PAC), a key component of democratic accountability. With contributions from renowned scholars and practitioners, and using case studies from around the world, this research-based collection examines the rationales for current roles of the PACs and explores the links between PACs and National Audit Offices. It also compares PAC practices from developing and developed countries such as Africa, Asia, Pacific islands, and Europe with both Westminster and non-Westminster models of government. This will be valuable reading for academics, researchers, and advanced students in public management, public accounting and public sector governance.

Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic World

Pdf Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic World
Genre Business & Economics
Author John McCusker
Isbn 1134703392
File size 1145 kb
Year 2005-08-15
Pages 299
Language English
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Written by one of the leading authorities on trade and finance in the early modern Atlantic world, these fourteen essays, revised and integrated for this volume, share as their common theme the development of the Atlantic economy, especially British America and the Caribbean. Topics treated range from early attempts in medieval England to measure the carrying capacity of ships, through the advent in Renaissance Italy and England of business newspapers that reported on the traffic of ships, cargoes and market prices, to the state of the economy of France over the two hundred years before the French Revolution and of the British West Indies between 1760 and 1790. Included is the story of Thomas Irving who challenged and thwarted the likes of John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.

The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution

Pdf The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution
Genre History
Author Samuel Rawson Gardiner
Isbn 3849654583
File size 1474 kb
Year 2020-03-26
Pages 880
Language English
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Summary

In this volume are reprinted for convenient reference more than ninety documents which are "intended to serve either as a basis for the study of the constitutional history of an important period, or as a companion to the political history of the time." With the exception of four, mentioned in the preface, they are taken from books that are beyond the reach of most students unless they have access to large and well-equipped libraries The whole is prefaced by a concise account of the period, so that we have at hand what might be compared to the finder on a telescope. Among the papers are the following, of which we have often heard, and which we can here examine that they may throw light upon our understanding of the history of the period : The Declaration of Sports, the Scottish National Covenant, the Root and Branch Petition, the Solemn League and Covenant, the Self-denying Ordinance.

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Pdf Reflections on the Revolution in France
Genre History
Author Edmund Burke
Isbn 0486115763
File size 1493 kb
Year 2012-08-29
Pages 256
Language English
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Summary

Published in 1790, two years before the start of the Terror, this work offered a remarkably prescient view of the chaos that lay ahead. It articulates a defense of property, religion, and traditional values.

African Slave Trade and Its Suppression

Pdf African Slave Trade and Its Suppression
Genre Business & Economics
Author Peter C. Hogg
Isbn 1136602399
File size 1484 kb
Year 2013-11-05
Pages 432
Language English
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Summary

First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Parliamentary Privilege in Canada

Pdf Parliamentary Privilege in Canada
Genre Political Science
Author Joseph P. Maingot
Isbn 0773567135
File size 1261 kb
Year 1997-11-19
Pages 432
Language English
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Summary

Joseph Maingot describes the parameters of the principal immunity enjoyed by Members of Parliament, that of freedom of speech, which is restricted to the context of a parliamentary proceeding and not beyond. He points out protections afforded members other than parliamentary privilege and the view of both the courts and the legislatures concerning parliamentary debates and proceedings as evidence in court. He also sets out in detail what the House of Commons considers to be and not to be a matter of privilege, as well as the corporate powers of the Houses of Parliament.

Transnational Soldiers

Pdf Transnational Soldiers
Genre History
Author N. Arielli,B. Collins
Isbn 1137296631
File size 561 kb
Year 2012-11-28
Pages 263
Language English
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Summary

Warfare in the modern era has often been described in terms of national armies fighting national wars. This volume challenges the view by examining transnational aspects of military mobilization from the eighteenth century to the present. Truly global in scope, it offers an alternative way of reading the military history of the last 250 years.

Diary of Samuel Pepys — Complete 1663 N.S

Pdf Diary of Samuel Pepys — Complete 1663 N.S
Genre History
Author Samuel Pepys
Isbn
File size 514 kb
Year 2019-12-18
Pages 364
Language English
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Summary

"Diary of Samuel Pepys — Complete 1663 N.S" by Samuel Pepys (translated by Mynors Bright). Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

The Hanging of Arthur Hodge

Pdf The Hanging of Arthur Hodge
Genre History
Author John Andrew
Isbn 9781469120560
File size 1417 kb
Year 2000-07-21
Pages 244
Language English
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The Hanging of Arthur Hodge-A Caribbean Anti-Slavery Milestone - selected for the Best Non-Fiction Book Award by The Sacramento Publishers Association - is a study of slavery in the British West Indies during the half-century before Parliaments 1834 decision to emancipate the slaves. Its focus is on the crimes, trial and execution of Arthur Hodge, a prominent Virgin Islands planter and politician whose unprecedented hanging for the murder of Prosper, one of his own slaves, was to rouse the British anti-slavery movement from the contentment it was enjoying following the abolition of the slave trade and help direct its efforts toward the ultimate emancipation of the slaves throughout the British Empire. The life, trial and execution of Arthur Hodge is a story of great interest in its own right, but that story is also important because it was truly a milestone on the road to the end of slavery in the British Empire. Arthur Hodge was a dominant figure in the Virgin Islands in the early 1800s. Born in the islands, he studied at Oxford and later served in the British army. His wife was a sister-in-law of the Marquess of Exeter. He was described as a man of great accomplishments and elegant manners. But evidence presented during his trial revealed another side of his character. Between 1803 and 1808 Hodge had murdered as many as sixty - or one-half - of the slaves who labored on his Tortola plantation. They died by whipping, scalding and having boiling water poured down their throats. Although Hodges treatment of his slaves was common knowledge, he was only brought to trial several years after the killings as a consequence of a political and personal dispute. Hodge was found guilty of murder by a local jury and - when the Governor of the Leeward Islands chose to ignore the jurys recommendation of leniency -became the only slave owner in the history of the British West Indies to be executed for the murder of one of his own slaves. Hodges character contrasted sharply with that of his chief prosecutor, Governor Hugh Elliot, a noted diplomat and a supporter of the anti-slavery forces in Great Britain whose brother, the Earl of Minto, was currently Viceroy of India and whose brother-in-law, Lord Auckland, had - four years before - carried the bill ending the slave trade in the House of Lords. The hanging of Arthur Hodge caused a sensation and transcripts of his trial were published in both Great Britain and the United States. The news helped to revitalize the anti-slavery forces, playing an important role in the debates leading to the establishment of slave registries and the accountability they implied throughout the Caribbean colonies. After a brief introduction which concludes with the language of the indictment issued against Hodge and his counsels response that "A Negro being property, it was no greater offense for his master to kill him than it would be to kill his dog," the book opens with a short history of the settlement of the Virgin Islands and descriptions - from contemporary sources - of the lives of plantation owners and of their slaves. Included are personal descriptions of enslavement in Africa, the Middle Passage, the work and recreation of the slaves, their religious beliefs and the brutalities which some of them endured. The following chapters contain biographies of Hodge and Elliot and a recapitulation of the events which led to Hodges indictment and trial. Original transcripts and reports were used as the basis for the report of the trial and execution. The book concludes with a discussion of the effects of the Hodge affair on the anti-slavery movement and capsule descriptions of the subsequent careers some of those involved. (Governor Elliot later served in India as Governor of Madras and is buried in Westminster Abbey). The work is based upon original and other contemporary sources, including both the published and official manuscript transcripts of Hodges trial and Governor Elliot

Colonialism by Proxy

Pdf Colonialism by Proxy
Genre History
Author Moses E. Ochonu
Isbn 0253011655
File size 1366 kb
Year 2014-02-14
Pages 294
Language English
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Moses E. Ochonu explores a rare system of colonialism in Middle Belt Nigeria, where the British outsourced the business of the empire to Hausa-Fulani subcolonials because they considered the area too uncivilized for Indirect Rule. Ochonu reveals that the outsiders ruled with an iron fist and imagined themselves as bearers of Muslim civilization rather than carriers of the white man's burden. Stressing that this type of Indirect Rule violated its primary rationale, Colonialism by Proxy traces contemporary violent struggles to the legacy of the dynamics of power and the charged atmosphere of religious difference.

Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento

Pdf Religion and Politics in the Risorgimento
Genre History
Author D. Raponi
Isbn 1137342986
File size 1067 kb
Year 2014-10-14
Pages 302
Language English
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Summary

This book examines Anglo-Italian political and cultural relations and analyses the importance of religion in the British 'Orientalist' perception of Italy. It puts religion at the centre of a harsh political and cultural war, one that was fought on international, diplomatic, and domestic levels.

Merely for Money?

Pdf Merely for Money?
Genre History
Author Sheryllynne Haggerty
Isbn 1781388911
File size 914 kb
Year 2012-05-15
Pages 288
Language English
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Summary

In 1780 Richard Sheridan noted that merchants worked 'merely for money'. However, rather than being a criticism, this was recognition of the important commercial role that merchants played in the British empire at this time. Of course, merchants desired and often made profits, but they were strictly bound by commonly-understood socio-cultural norms which formed a private-order institution of a robust business culture. In order to elucidate this business culture, this book examines the themes of risk, trust, reputation, obligation, networks and crises to demonstrate how contemporary merchants perceived and dealt with one another and managed their businesses. Merchants were able to take risks and build trust, but concerns about reputation and fulfilling obligations constrained economic opportunism. By relating these themes to an array of primary sources from ports around the British-Atlantic world, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of business culture during this period. A theme which runs throughout the book is the mercantile community as a whole and its relationship with the state. This was an important element in the British business culture of this period, although this relationship came under stress towards the end of period, forming a crisis in itself. This book argues that the business culture of the British-Atlantic mercantile community not only facilitated the conduct of day-to-day business, but also helped it to cope with short-term crises and long-term changes. This facilitated the success of the British-Atlantic economy even within the context of changing geo-politics and an under-institutionalised environment. Not working 'merely for money' was a successful business model.

Excise Taxation and the Origins of Public Debt

Pdf Excise Taxation and the Origins of Public Debt
Genre Business & Economics
Author D'Maris Coffman
Isbn 1137371552
File size 1708 kb
Year 2013-10-29
Pages 246
Language English
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This book offers a wholesale reinterpretation of both the introduction of excise taxation in Great Britain in the 1640s and the genesis of the Financial Revolution of the 1690s. By analysing hitherto unpublished manuscript and print sources, D'Maris Coffman resolves divergent accounts of these constitutionally problematic but fiscally significant new taxes. Parliament's success at imposing on a deeply divided kingdom an extra-legal species of indirect taxation, which hitherto had been a constitutional anathema and a political impossibility, remains one of the most striking features of the period. A fresh reading of William Petty's Treatise on Taxes illustrates the development of an indigenous discourse in defence of the tax state. By highlighting the importance of fiscal innovation during the Civil Wars and Interregnum for the development of the fiscal state in Britain, this study challenges 'stylised facts' about the economic significance of 1688/89. The final chapter delivers new insight into why the eighteenth-century British public accepted both unprecedented levels of government borrowing and one of the heaviest tax burdens in Western Europe. Coffman reveals how a 'new financial history,' rooted in closely contextualised studies, can contribute to current debates about sustainable levels of taxation and to fundamental questions of economic theory.

The Fiscal-Military State in Eighteenth-Century Europe

Pdf The Fiscal-Military State in Eighteenth-Century Europe
Genre History
Author Christopher Storrs
Isbn 1317031652
File size 1820 kb
Year 2016-03-03
Pages 260
Language English
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Summary

In recent decades, historians of early-modern Europe, and above all those who study the eighteenth century, have elaborated the concept of what has been called the 'fiscal-military state'. This is a state whose international effectiveness was founded upon the development of large armed forces, whose performance and supply necessitated both further administrative development and the provision of large sums, the raising of which involved unprecedented levels of taxation and borrowing by governments. The present collection of essays, by leading authorities in their individual fields, all of whom have published widely on their chosen topic, explores the subject of the fiscal-military state by focusing on its leading exemplars in eighteenth-century Europe: Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and Russia. It also includes a chapter on the Savoyard state (the kingdom of Sardinia), a lesser power whose career illuminates by comparison developments elsewhere. In addition, and rather unusually, a further chapter considers the fiscal-military state in a broader, comparative international context, in the arena of international relations. Each chapter provides a summary of the state of knowledge regarding the fiscal-military state debate insofar as it relates to the state under consideration. As well as contributing to that debate, they take matters further by systematically analysing the sources of wealth and income, and the way these were tapped, and the broader impact that this attempt to extract resources had on society and the state, both in the short and longer term. The differing patterns, and the variety of models of fiscal-military state makes for ease of comparison across Europe, making the volume an invaluable resource to both students and researchers alike.

Preventive Justice and the Power of Policy Transfer

Pdf Preventive Justice and the Power of Policy Transfer
Genre Law
Author J. Ogg
Isbn 1137495022
File size 604 kb
Year 2015-05-25
Pages 253
Language English
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Summary

As policy-makers look first (and easily) for existing policy solutions which could be adapted from elsewhere, policy transfer becomes increasingly central to policy development. This book explores whether policy transfer in 'everyday' policy-making may be unintentionally creating a system of preventive justice.

Law, Labour, and Empire

Pdf Law, Labour, and Empire
Genre History
Author Maria Fusaro
Isbn 113744746X
File size 1533 kb
Year 2015-05-04
Pages 357
Language English
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Summary

Seafarers were the first workers to inhabit a truly international labour market, a sector of industry which, throughout the early modern period, drove European economic and imperial expansion, technological and scientific development, and cultural and material exchanges around the world. This volume adopts a comparative perspective, presenting current research about maritime labourers across three centuries, in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, to understand how seafarers contributed to legal and economic transformation within Europe and across the world. Focusing on the three related themes of legal systems, labouring conditions, and imperial power, these essays explore the dynamic and reciprocal relationship between seafarers' individual and collective agency, and the social and economic frameworks which structured their lives.

Aging, Reproduction, and the Climacteric

Pdf Aging, Reproduction, and the Climacteric
Genre Medical
Author Luigi Mastroianni Jr.,C. Alvin Paulsen
Isbn 1468450476
File size 1439 kb
Year 2012-12-06
Pages 332
Language English
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Summary

Interest in sexuality and reproductive function does not cease when people begin to age. Instead, a new set of questions arises. Women want to know if it is safe to have babies in their late thirties and early forties. They want to know more about hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause-which ones are dangerous and which are merely uncomfortable. They are eager to learn about the relative risks and benefits of estrogen replacement therapy. Men, too, are concerned about age-related changes in their sexual function. Experts in reproductive physiology, gerontology, and genetics met at the National Institutes of Health in June of 1984 to discuss these and other concerns about aging and the reproductive system. The conference on Aging, Reproduc tion, and the Climacteric was sponsored by the American Fertility Society, The National Institute on Aging, and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. This volume is based on the proceedings of that confer ence.

The Politics of Wine in Britain

Pdf The Politics of Wine in Britain
Genre Political Science
Author C. Ludington
Isbn 0230306225
File size 1538 kb
Year 2016-01-12
Pages 354
Language English
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Summary

A unique look at the meaning of the taste for wine in Britain, from the establishment of a Commonwealth in 1649 to the Commercial Treaty between Britain and France in 1860 - this book provides an extraordinary window into the politics and culture of England and Scotland just as they were becoming the powerful British state.

In Defence of Naval Supremacy

Pdf In Defence of Naval Supremacy
Genre History
Author John Sumida
Isbn 1612514812
File size 700 kb
Year 2014-02-15
Pages 400
Language English
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Summary

Sumida presents a provocative and authoritative revisionist history of the origins, nature and consequences of the "Dreadnought Revolution" of 1906. Based on intensive and extensive archival research, the book strives to explain vital financial and technical matters which enable readers to observe the complex interplay of fiscal, technical, strategic, and personal factors that shaped the course of British naval decision-making during the critical quarter century that preceded the outbreak of the First World War.

Life, Death and the Elderly

Pdf Life, Death and the Elderly
Genre History
Author Margaret Pelling,Richard M. Smith
Isbn 1134833520
File size 1162 kb
Year 2003-10-04
Pages 272
Language English
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Summary

Debates on policy concerning medical care and social welfare of the elderly become ever more pressing, and many of the assumptions on which they are based are now open to question. This study sets out to provide a historical perspective on the economic, medical, class and gender relations of the elderly, which until now have received relatively little attention. In particular, the position of the elderly is linked to the fundamental issues of health, disability and medical care. With attention currently focused on the setting of the retirement age, community and family care, and pensions, as well as wider debates on the rights of the elderly, this volume aims to supply a historical context for such issues.